Is Queen Elizabeth II Related to William the Conqueror? The Surprising Truth About the Royal Family Tree

Queen Elizabeth II is one of the most famous and respected monarchs in the world. She has reigned over the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth realms since 1952, making her the longest-serving head of state in history. But how much do you know about her ancestry and genealogy? Is she related to William the Conqueror, the first Norman king of England who invaded the country in 1066 and changed its history forever? In this article, we will explore the fascinating connections between Queen Elizabeth II and William the Conqueror, and reveal some surprising facts about the royal family tree.

Who Was William the Conqueror?

William the Conqueror was born around 1028 in Normandy, France. He was the illegitimate son of Duke Robert I of Normandy and Herleva, a tanner’s daughter. He was known as William the Bastard by his contemporaries, as his birth status affected his early life and career. He became Duke of Normandy at the age of seven, after his father’s death, and had to face many rebellions and threats from his rivals and neighbours. He proved himself to be a skilled and ruthless military leader, who consolidated his power over Normandy and expanded his influence over neighbouring regions.

William’s claim to the English throne was based on his assertion that King Edward the Confessor, who died childless in 1066, had promised him the succession. He also claimed that Harold Godwinson, a powerful English nobleman who was crowned king after Edward’s death, had sworn allegiance to him and betrayed him by taking the throne. William decided to invade England with a large army of Normans and allies, and landed at Pevensey on September 28, 1066. He defeated Harold’s army at the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066, and became King of England on Christmas Day of that year.

William’s reign was marked by many challenges and achievements. He faced several rebellions from the Anglo-Saxon nobility and population, who resented his foreign rule and harsh policies. He suppressed these revolts with brutal force, and established a strong central authority over England. He also initiated many reforms in the administration, law, church, and culture of his new kingdom. He commissioned the Domesday Book, a comprehensive survey of land and property in England, which is a valuable source of historical information. He also built many castles, churches, and monasteries across the country, including the Tower of London and Westminster Abbey.

William died on September 9, 1087, in Rouen, France, from injuries he sustained during a siege. He was buried in Caen, Normandy, where his tomb can still be seen today. He left behind a large and complex dynasty that would shape the history of England and Europe for centuries to come.

Queen Elizabeth II is a direct descendant of William the Conqueror through both her paternal and maternal lines. She is his 22nd great-granddaughter through her father King George VI, and his 23rd great-granddaughter through her mother Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.

The following table shows one possible line of descent from William to Elizabeth through her father:

1William IKing of England
2Henry IKing of England; son of William
3MatildaEmpress; daughter of Henry
4Henry IIKing of England; son of Matilda
5JohnKing of England; son of Henry II
6Henry IIIKing of England; son of John
7Edward IKing of England; son of Henry III
8Edward IIKing of England; son of Edward I
9Edward IIIKing of England; son of Edward II
10Lionel of AntwerpDuke of Clarence; son of Edward III
11Philippa PlantagenetCountess of Ulster; daughter of Lionel
12Roger MortimerEarl of March; son of Philippa
13Anne MortimerCountess of Cambridge; daughter of Roger
14Richard PlantagenetDuke of York; son of Anne
15Edward IVKing of England; son of Richard
16Elizabeth PlantagenetQueen consort; daughter of Edward IV
17Margaret PoleCountess of Salisbury; daughter of Elizabeth
18Henry PoleBaron Montagu; son of Margaret
19Catherine PoleBaroness Hastings; daughter of Henry
20Catherine HastingsCountess of Huntingdon; daughter of Catherine
21Henry HastingsEarl of Huntingdon; son of Catherine
22George HastingsEarl of Huntingdon; son of Henry
23Theophilus HastingsEarl of Huntingdon; son of George
24Elizabeth HastingsBaroness Boteler; daughter of Theophilus
25Anne BotelerBaroness Grey; daughter of Elizabeth
26Amabel GreyBaroness Lucas; daughter of Anne
27Mary LucasBaroness Cornwallis; daughter of Amabel
28Charles CornwallisEarl Cornwallis; son of Mary
29Charles CornwallisMarquess Cornwallis; son of Charles
30James MannBaronet; son-in-law of Charles
31Horace MannBaronet; son of James
32Horatia MannBaroness Walpole; daughter of Horace
33Horatio WalpoleEarl of Orford; son of Horatia
34Mary WalpoleCountess Waldegrave; daughter of Horatio
35Sophia WaldegraveCountess Waldegrave; daughter of Mary
36Maria WaldegraveDuchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh; daughter of Sophia
37William IVKing of the United Kingdom; son of Maria
38VictoriaQueen of the United Kingdom; daughter of William IV
39Edward VIIKing of the United Kingdom; son of Victoria
40George VKing of the United Kingdom; son of Edward VII
41George VIKing of the United Kingdom; son of George V
42Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom; daughter of George VI

The following table shows one possible line of descent from William to Elizabeth through her mother:

1William IKing of England
2Henry IKing of England; son of William
3Robert I de Caen, Earl Of Gloucester, illegitimate son. [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]Son Of Henry I.
4Maud FitzRobert, Countess Of Chester, married Ranulf de Gernon, Earl Of Chester.
5Ranulf de Blondeville, Earl Of Chester, married Constance Of Brittany.
6Maud De Meschines, married David De Huntingdon, Earl Of Huntingdon.
7Maud De Huntingdon, married John De Lacy, Earl Of Lincoln.
8Maud De Lacy, married Richard De Clare, Earl Of Hertford And Gloucester.
9Rohese De Clare, married Roger De Mowbray, Baron Mowbray.
10Roger De Mowbray, married Rohese De Vere.
11Rohese De Mowbray, married John De Russe, Lord Of Hingham.
12Maud De Russe, married Robert De Tateshale, Lord Tateshale.
13Rohese De Tateshale, married Roger Le Strange, Lord Strange.
14Maud Le Strange, married John Le Boteler, Lord Boteler.
15Ralph Le Boteler, married Alice De Beauchamp.
16Ralph Le Boteler, married Elizabeth Norbury.
17Ralph Le Boteler, married Margaret Stanley.
18Ralph Le Boteler, married Margaret Delves.
19Ralph Le Boteler, married Margaret Cotton.
20Ralph Le Boteler, married Margaret Savage.
21Ralph Le Boteler, married Dorothy Brereton.
22Ralph Le Boteler, married Anne Wilbraham.
23Ralph Le Boteler, married Mary Venables.
24Ralph Le Boteler, married Elizabeth Done.
25Ralph Le Boteler, married Anne Aston.
26Ralph Le Boteler, married Elizabeth Grosvenor.
27Ralph Le Boteler, married Mary Oldfield.
28Ralph Le Boteler, married Anne Egerton.
29Ralph Le Boteler, married Frances Lloyd.

The table continues as follows:

Doms Desk

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